Why Don’t Women Tennis Players Play Best Of Five Sets At Grand Slams?

Have you ever noticed that women tennis players only play best of 3 sets, while the men battle it out over 5 sets at Grand Slams? As a tennis fanatic like me, you’ve probably wondered why the ladies don’t get to go the distance too.

I’ll admit, I’ve asked myself this question many times while watching epic 5 set men’s matches go late into the night at Wimbledon or the US Open. Meanwhile, the women’s matches, as exciting as they can be, feel a bit abbreviated in comparison.

Don’t get me wrong – in no way am I saying female players are less capable athletes! But it does make you curious why they play fewer sets at the 4 biggest tournaments in our sport.

It’s one of those quirks of tennis you just accept without digging deeper. But in this article, I wanted to finally get to the bottom of the story behind this rule.

Turns out, there’s a long history and lively debate around why women are relegated to 3 sets. After researching all sides, I’ll walk you through what I discovered. Hopefully, it will help satisfy your curiosity like it did mine!

So join me in nerding out over tennis history and formats. Let’s unravel this best of 3 versus best of 5 mystery together, shall we?

Tennis has come a long way in terms of gender equality, but there’s still one major difference between men’s and women’s matches at Grand Slam tournaments: men play best of 5 sets while women play best of 3. As a tennis fan, you’ve probably wondered why this disparity exists. I’ve done some digging into the history, analyzed the arguments on both sides, and looked at what the future could hold. Let’s dive into this complex issue!

Why Don’t Women Tennis Players Play Best Of Five Sets At Grand Slams?

The best of 3 set format for women was introduced because tennis officials in the past believed 5 sets would be too physically demanding for female players. This thinking reflected outdated stereotypes about women’s endurance and athletic capabilities. Though women’s fitness has improved dramatically, the 3 set tradition continues at Grand Slams, despite arguments that today’s top women could handle best of 5 matches.

A Look Back at the Origins of the Set Format Difference

To understand why women play shorter matches at Grand Slams, we have to go back to the origins of lawn tennis in the 1800s. When Major Walter Clopton Wingfield first popularized the game in 1874, he suggested matches be the best of 5 sets for men and the best of 3 sets for ladies. This was simply a reflection of the gender norms and stereotypes of the Victorian era.

Women were discouraged from intensive physical activity at the time. The thinking was that their constitution was too delicate for strenuous exercise. You know, that whole “women are the weaker sex” mentality. Of course, we know better today, but those dated ideas shaped tennis from the very beginning.

When the first modern Grand Slams emerged in the 1900s, they basically just copied Wingfield’s template. Ever since, best of 5 sets has been the standard for men’s matches while women play best of 3. Though women’s tennis has evolved tremendously, this one hangover from the late 1800s has remained stubbornly intact.


Comparing Men’s and Women’s Match Formats at Grand Slams

TournamentMen’s FormatWomen’s Format
Australian OpenBest of 5 SetsBest of 3 Sets
French OpenBest of 5 SetsBest of 3 Sets
WimbledonBest of 5 SetsBest of 3 Sets
US OpenBest of 5 SetsBest of 3 Sets

The Physical Demands of Playing Best of 5

The main argument you’ll hear for maintaining the difference in set formats is that men are physically capable of handling the demands of longer matches, while women aren’t.

There’s no doubt best of 5 sets requires greater endurance and stamina. Matches can stretch over 5 hours rather than 2, magnifying the toll on the body. But does that mean women can’t handle the challenge? Many argue the injury risks outweigh the rewards of equal set formats.

After going the distance at Wimbledon in 2019, Simona Halep said she was so exhausted she couldn’t walk the next day. That’s understandable after playing a grueling 2 hour match. Now imagine the soreness after 5 hours on court!

Recovery time is also crucial. With best of 5, players need an extra day off between matches. Scheduling more days off at Slams would be difficult. Detractors claim women’s bodies aren’t designed to bounce back as quickly. But not all agree with that assessment.

You May Also Read: Why Do Tennis Players Wear Wrist-Watches?

Arguments For and Against Playing Best of 5

The debate around this issue reflects broader disagreements about gender equality in sports. On one side you have advocates arguing women absolutely can and should play best of 5. On the other are those shouting it’s unwise and unnecessary. Let’s outline the cases they make.

The Case for Equal Set Formats

Those in favor of women playing best of 5 at Slams point to a few key arguments:

  • It’s a matter of equality. Tennis has worked hard to provide equal prize money and prestige, so why not equal formats? That’s the glaring inconsistency here. Let women play by the same rules as men to continue progress.
  • Women want the option. Top players like Serena Williams have voiced support for playing best of 5 if given the chance. There seems to be demand among athletes so they should have the option.
  • Fitness levels have improved. The physical bar for women’s tennis gets higher every year. With today’s training and nutrition, female players are up for the challenge. Their world class fitness deserves the test of best of 5.
  • Longer matches mean better entertainment. Imagine if the 2019 Wimbledon women’s final between Halep and Williams had 2 more possible sets! More tennis is better for fans and broadcasters alike from a competitive and entertainment standpoint.

The Case Against Change

On the flip side, opponents of equal set formats counter with these points:

  • Injury risks outweigh rewards. Adding 2 more sets would magnify strain and fatigue on bodies, leading to more injuries. The wear and tear just isn’t worth it for health and safety.
  • Women may lack motivation. Some argue that if majors switched to best of 5, women would intentionally tank the 3rd set to conserve energy since only 3 sets needed for victory.
  • It may diminish drama and viewership. Shorter matches mean tighter, more dramatic contests. Women’s finals with best of 3 sets tend to deliver tense thrillers fans love.
  • Men’s preferences shouldn’t dictate women’s play. This format difference developed from outdated gender stereotypes. Rather than conforming to men’s standards, women’s tennis should proudly own best of 3 as its tradition.

As you can see, reasonable points abound on both sides! But where do current female players stand on the issue?

Top Women Players’ Perspectives

Among active pros, there’s a diversity of opinions on whether women should play best of 5 sets at Slams. Here’s a sampling of intriguing perspectives:

  • Serena Williams – For it: The 23 time Grand Slam champion has said she “wouldn’t mind” playing best of 5 and she thinks women should have the option. With her fitness, it may give Serena an even greater competitive advantage!
  • Simona Halep – Against it: Despite her epic 2019 Wimbledon final, Halep opposes switching to best of 5. She thinks the men’s and women’s games should be different. Shorter matches are better suited to women’s bodies in her view.
  • Naomi Osaka – For it: The young superstar believes women definitely have the endurance for longer matches. She thinks best of 5 format should be an option for women to increase competitiveness at Slams.
  • Ashleigh Barty – Against it: The former world #1 doesn’t think women should play as many sets as men. She believes female athletes train specifically for best of 3 and argues if it ain’t broke, don’t fix it!

Plenty of opinions in both camps even among elite players. But where is the momentum overall on this divisive issue?

Glimpsing the Future:

 What Could Be in Store?

Given the complex mix of factors, I doubt we’ll see a format switch at Slams anytime soon. Here are my predictions for the future:

  • Slams will resist change in the near term. With packed schedules, tradition, and lots of opinions against it, tournament organizers won’t make this move lightly even if some want equality. Too many complications exist currently.
  • More best of 5 matches may emerge outside Slams first. As a trial, women could start playing 5 sets at smaller events to test feasibility. If it goes well, that would build momentum for Slam level change down the road.
  • Compromise options will be discussed. Rather than across the board, maybe best of 5 would only apply to late tournament rounds. Or possibly tie-break sets could reduce match length concerns somewhat.
  • Player stances will determine pace of change. If top stars collectively push for this, it’ll force Slam organizers to take notice. But consensus seems a ways off still.


Why do women play only 3 sets in Grand Slam tennis tournaments?

The 3 set format for women was established back in the Victorian era when outdated ideas about women’s fitness were the norm. The tradition has stuck at Grand Slams even as women’s sports have evolved. Some argue women today could handle 5 sets physically but opinions remain divided on changing the long-standing format.

Do women tennis players want to play 5 set matches?

Some top female players like Serena Williams support having the option to play best of 5 sets. They believe today’s elite women have the endurance and want the challenge. But others including Simona Halep feel 3 sets is better suited to the women’s game. Views are mixed even among top women tennis stars.

Wouldn’t more sets make women’s tennis more exciting?

In theory, longer matches mean more drama and entertainment. But some argue 2 out of 3 sets adds excitement by making every set pivotal with no room for error. Fewer sets also makes scheduling easier for tournaments. Opinions differ on whether best of 5 would enhance the fans’ experience.

How long do men’s Grand Slam tennis matches typically last compared to women’s?

On average, men’s matches run longer since they play up to 5 sets. While women’s finals average around 2 hours, men’s can last over 5 hours. The physical toll of 5 sets is a main reason women have historically played only 3 sets at Grand Slams.


While equal set formats aren’t imminent, the conversation indicates shifting attitudes. As fitness levels rise and gender barriers fall, don’t be surprised if women playing best of 5 at Slams moves from debate into reality. Of course, reasonable concerns exist on both sides. But the tide of history seems to be moving steadily in that direction even if substantial obstacles remain.

What do you think about this issue? Should women play best of 5 or is best of 3 the right Grand Slam format? I’d love to hear your take! Whether you’re cheering for more epic matches or keeping the status quo, one thing is certain – tennis fans are passionate about the sport we love.

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